Back To Blogs

History of the Adirondack Mountains

The Adirondack Mountains are a strange mountain range in Upstate New York. While most mountains are tall and linear along tectonic plates, the Adirondacks were caused by an uprising of igneous rock. This created unique dome-shaped mountains. This makes for hiking, skiing and general living that is different from just about anywhere else in the world.

For many centuries, humans have utilized the mountains for various purposes. Here is a brief history of the Adirondack Mountains, which is what makes them so unique.


The First People

The Adirondacks’ dense forested areas are home to a huge variety of wildlife. Before the first European settlers arrived, Native Americans were taking advantage of this hunting ground. But, the tribes in the area — namely the Mohawks and the Algonquians — did not create settlements in the region. The first European to see the mountain range was probably French explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1609, though Vikings could have arrived centuries before.

When the Seven Years’ War erupted, the French and English fought each other partly on the foothills of the Adirondacks. This conflict, known to us as the French and Indian War (due to the namesakes’ alliance), led to the construction of Fort William Henry and Fort Ticonderoga.


Industry and Romanticism

At the end of the 1700s, miners discovered iron deposits in the area, leading to land clearing, mining and settling. Lumber was also increasing in demand, and wide swaths of trees were cut down all across the region. As the ecosystem was being systematically destroyed, some politicians took a stand. In 1892, Adirondack Park was established, and logging and other industries were banned from the area.

This era also saw the likes of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau writing about the beauty of the Adirondacks. The transcendentalist writings of these men and others strongly encouraged the preservation of the wild. Their efforts played no small part to the preservation of the region.


Modern Tourism

Today, the Adirondacks are still one of the most popular tourist destinations in America. There are countless hiking trails, and there is prime fishing in many of the lakes and streams — regulated, of course, to prevent overfishing. The lakes themselves offer canoeing, kayaking and, in some instances, motor boating. For the adrenaline junkies, there are breathtaking rock and ice climbing routes available.

The Adirondack region is a haven of natural beauty that all outdoors-loving people should make their vacation destination. When you visit the area, be sure to check out our rustic cabins, perfect for any size group. For more information or to make reservations, be sure to send us a message or give us a call at (518) 856-9243.

Deer Valley Trails